Cancer is the major cause of chronic disease-related mortality worldwide, killing around 10 million people each year. While the worldwide cancer burden is rising, at least one-third of cancers are avoidable, and many cases and deaths can be avoided through early identification and prevention. Cancer, like any other illness or condition, can strike without warning. Many risk factors for cancer are beyond your control, such as family history and genetics. Others are under your control, such as whether you smoke or undergo frequent cancer tests. Cancer is the leading cause of death worldwide. Every year, over 10 million individuals are killed by cancer. Changing some behaviours can provide you with a significant weapon for cancer prevention. It all starts with your way of life.

Cancer refers to a category of illnesses that can affect any area of the body. They are distinguished by fast, abnormal cell growth, that spreads to other areas of the body. Breast, lung, colon, rectal, prostate, stomach, and skin cancers are the most frequent forms of cancer. More than 30% of cancers are preventable. Tobacco, obesity, physical inactivity, infections, alcohol, environmental pollution, occupational carcinogens, and UV radiation are all risk factors for cancer. Cancer may be avoided and managed by applying evidence-based cancer prevention, screening, and early detection measures, as well as therapy and palliative care.

Preventable elements that may reduce the risk of cancer

Quit Smoking and Tobacco Use

Tobacco causes cancer | neogen home health

Preventable elements that may reduce the risk of cancer

Quit Smoking and Tobacco Use

Quitting smoking has a direct and significant impact on your cancer risk. Tobacco includes carcinogenic substances that injure your cells and promote cancer growth. The threat of lung damage is not the only problem. Tobacco use and smoking cause a variety of cancers, including:

  • Lung 
  • Throat 
  • Mouth 
  • Esophagus 
  • Bladder
  • Kidney 
  • Pancreatic
  • Certain types of leukaemia
  • Stomach 
  • Colon 
  • Rectum 
  • Cervix

Tobacco leaves and the chemicals that are put on them are dangerous. Tobacco use, whether in cigarettes, cigars, pipes, or chewing tobacco, can all cause cancer. If you smoke, talk to your doctor right away about measures to quit smoking and all tobacco usage.

Defend Yourself Against UV Rays

UV rays Causes of cancer | neogen home health

Sunlight’s UV rays can alter the appearance of your skin. Skin cells are harmed by UVA and UVB radiation from the sun. Both tanning beds and sunlamps emit these dangerous rays. Skin cancer can develop as a result of sunburns and prolonged sun exposure. It’s not certain if applying sunscreen or avoiding the sun will completely prevent skin cancer. Nevertheless, you should use sun protection to avoid skin cancer.

  • Keep in the shadows.
  • Wear protective gear, a hat, and sunglasses to block the sun.
  • 15 to 30 minutes before heading outside, apply sunscreen. If you plan to spend a lot of time swimming, sweating, or outside in the sun, use SPF 30 or higher and reapply every two hours.
  • Avoid the sun and tanning beds.

Maintain a Healthy Weight

obesity causes cancer | neogen home health

Obesity may play a role in up to 10% of new cancer cases each year, owing to the production of hormones and growth factors that may stimulate tumour growth. Furthermore, fat cells occasionally secrete substances that damage DNA, which can contribute to the formation of cancer cells. Obesity raises the risk of breast cancer, colorectal cancer, pancreatic cancer, and other cancers.

According to the latest report, obesity was responsible for 4.9 percent of cancer deaths in 2021. While the risk factor is metabolic, it is frequently influenced by people’s behavioural choices. Reversing weight gain is difficult, but obese or overweight persons can accomplish considerable and long-term weight loss by a mix of nutrition, physical exercise, and stress management.

Exercise on a Regular Basis

Exercise is beneficial to everyone for a variety of reasons. Exercisers appear to have a decreased risk of some cancers, according to studies. Exercise can assist you in losing weight. Being physically active may help prevent you from developing colon, breast, lung, and endometrial cancers.

National standards recommend that you exercise for at least 2 hours and 30 minutes every week for health benefits. That is 30 minutes every day, five days a week. More activity is much better for your health.

Poor Diet

Poor Diet Causes cancer | neogen home heath

A healthy diet should include plenty of vegetables and fruits. Cruciferous plants, such as broccoli and cauliflower, are high in natural compounds that may aid in the battle against cancer. Leaner meats, such as chicken, and fish, which provide sources of nutritious proteins rich in amino acids, may be included in a balanced diet.

A Mediterranean diet is frequently advised to help lower cancer risk factors. These diets eliminate or limit red meat, processed carbohydrates, sweets, and alcohol intake. Instead, they ask for colourful vegetables, fruits, nuts, herbs, whole grains, and legumes. They also permit small amounts of fish and seafood, poultry, dairy, and eggs.

Maintain Regular Check-Ups

Health check up | NEOGEN HOME HEALTH

Your physician can assist you in determining your risk for cancer and the precautions you may take. A physical examination should be performed by your provider. This way, you can keep track of which cancer tests you should undergo. Screening can aid in the early detection of cancer and enhance your chances of recovery.

Some infections can lead to cancer. Consult your doctor about whether you should get the following vaccinations:

  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) (HPV). The virus increases the chance of cervix, penis, vaginal, vulvar, anus, and throat cancers.
  • Infection with Hepatitis B raises the chance of developing liver cancer.

The single most essential thing we can do to lower the worldwide burden of cancer is to create settings and communities that make it simpler for individuals to adopt healthy behaviours and avoid diseases in the first place. Tobacco, obesity, physical inactivity, infections, alcohol, environmental pollution, occupational carcinogens, and UV radiation are all risk factors that must be reduced. The implementation of HBV and HPV vaccination programmes for susceptible groups is equally crucial.

Reducing exposure to other carcinogens, such as pollution, occupational carcinogens, and radiation, might aid in the prevention of the world’s cancer burden. Improving access to high-quality cancer care, such as screening, early detection, treatment, and palliative care, is essential to improving the quality of life for people with cancer and those around them, with the goal of, in most cases, reducing cancer-related deaths worldwide.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This field is required.

This field is required.